行业新闻News
打印本页内容

美版知乎quora: 中国曾经是世界第二父亲经济体,为什么中国工钱还如此之低?

 点击:次  发布日期:2019-11-06 01:53    发布人:admin

  (译者:

  既然然中国曾经是世界第二父亲经济体,为什么中国的工钱还如此之低?

  u=3464502312,3689913020&fm=27&gp=0.jpg

  quora网贴翻译

  Derek Harkness, Living and working in China since 2006.

  China's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the second largest in the world (world bank GDP figure for China is US$7,318,499 millions per year). However GDP is only one economic statistic. To get an idea of how the GDP feeds down to personal income you need to look at data such as GDP per capita. The word, "per capita," means you have divided the GDP by the number of people living in that country. You could say, "per capita," means, "per person."

  China has a population of 1,400,000,000 people compared with America's 350,000,000 people. That is, for every person in the USA there are X people in China. So for every dollar of GDP that China earns, it has to be shared between X many more people than in the USA.

  China's GDP (nominal) per capita is $5,445 per year (ranking 91 by World Bank 2011) compared to the USA's $48,442 per year (ranking 16 World Bank 2011). Looking at the GDP per capita it becomes clear why the people in China have low earnings while their economy is so large. Billions of people on a low income can be bigger than millions of people on a reasonably high income.

  Another part of the story is the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) of the earnings. In China peoples earnings are lower than the USA, but the things you buy for living (food, clothes, electricity) are cheaper. One US dollar in China can buy more than one US dollar in the USA. To some extent, the lower wages are offset by the lower cost of living, though not completely.

  Lets compare the GDP (PPP) per capital. (That is the GPD adjusted for the purchasing power parity per person in the country.) China's GDP (PPP) per capital is INT$8,400 where as the USA is INT$48,112. This has slightly closed the gap between China and the USA however looking at the world bank rankings, China is now ranked 94 while the USA is ranked number 6 globally.

  It is worth noting that China has both a huge population and a huge country geographically. There are very large variations from province to province. The numbers above are for the country as a whole. If you take places like Hong Kong, Shanghai, Guangdong then you will find that those area's GDP (PPP) per capital comes close to, or as for Hong Kong, actually exceeds that of the USA.

  You should remember that although China is the worlds second largest economy, it is also fully one quarter of the worlds population. There are some incredibly rich people in China and a growing middle class but there remains a very large number of people living in near poverty.

  Derek Harkness,己2006年以后到在中国人寿和工干。